About 90% of EU’s external trade and 40% of internal trade is transported by sea. This corresponds to 3.5 billion tonnes of freight loaded and unloaded in EU ports each year. While individual port security breaches may cause much damage in themselves, the disruption that such security incidents cause to the supply chains can also become very costly. Thus, port security remains of paramount importance for Europe both due to direct threats to life and property as well as the potential for crippling economic damage arising from the effects on the supply chains.
Ports represent significant challenges when implementing new security measures. They cover large areas, they have very complex operations, they service large numbers of passengers and they process large amounts of goods. As well as efficient surveillance and access control, this requires efficient organisational and technological interfaces linking ports to border control authorities, the police and other intervention forces, as well as transport and logistics operators.
SUPPORT aims to support port security stakeholders to establish the necessary and sufficient security level to satisfy evolving international regulations and standards while efficiently supporting the complexity of the real port environment.
SUPPORT methods, technology and training services can be used by any European Port to upgrade their security capability, meaning:
1. Secure and efficient Port operations in the context of sustainable transport;
2. Uninterrupted flows of cargo and passengers;
3. The suppression of:
Terror and attacks on high value units
Trafficking of drugs, weapons and illicit substances
Large scale or continuous theft and economic black mail.
The project has delivered results that should have a big impact on helping to implement Port Security on a standard way.
A web-based tool Port Security Management System PSMS to assist security professionals in monitoring and developing port security in-line with the ISPS code and other legislation was developed. PSMS supports PSOs and PFSOs to maintain, evaluate, identify, install or upgrade their security measures, and promote security awareness. The measures take human behaviour into account in a sense that no one should be able to enter or leave a protected area without being noticed.
Co-operation between ports and facilities could be enhanced by a reduction in operational process complexity and this would be facilitated by the use of standard processes and structured data flows. Although the development of a generic, one size fits all, port security model is not a practical solution, the development of port security management modules that accommodate the diversity in requirements of each port facilities security requirements, is the goal for the PSMS.
The approach is supported by a complete and detailed set of Security Management Models developed in the project. The proposed use of the model NIEM-M (National Information Exchange Model-Maritime) has proved a very good choice.
Key outputs include:
Weighing of (empty) containers was emphasized
Access control linking pre-arrival information with sensors
A Port Operational Security Solution facilitating integration of all port security sensors/systems to fusion and Decision Support Services
Ports Security Information Exchange Network for incident reporting